Images are from the Library and Archives Canada (LAC)
The History: An Untold Story of How The Canadian West Was Opened
Historical documents reveal that the first Iroquois hunters came from the Montreal Quebec area in the 1790s as employees of the fur trading companies. Once their contract was completed, some men decided to stay. One group settled east of Jasper Park and maintained friendly relations with the local Shuswap people. The Iroquois expanded their range into the mountain and to the Grande Prairie, and Peace River areas. Many of the families remained in the Athabasca Valley region until 1910, when Jasper National Park was created, and all Métis families were evicted. These Iroquois families then moved to the Grande Cache, Grovedale, Nose Creek, and other areas where many of their descendants remain today.
Ignace Wanyandie and Louis Karakuntie were two of the first Iroquois voyageurs that travelled west with the North West Company. Ignace Wanyandie was married to a beautiful Métis woman called Marie Walker. Ignace and Louis were canoe and boatmen paddling up the Athabasca River, eventually settling in the mountains as horsemen and packers.
The North West Company records also show that Ignace Wanyandie’s co-workers and voyageurs in the Athabasca District, as early as 1804, included Charles Loyer, Pierre Delorme, Jasper Haws, and Jacques L’Hirondelle. The Company employees included French-Iroquois Métis or mixed-bloods, like legendary Tête Jaune (Yellow Head), and his son and grandson Louis Loyer Sr. and Louis Loyer Jr.
Then there were the Scots-Métis like Jacco Findlay, along with his sons Picinah and James Findlay. They were the sons and grandsons of the former fur trade bosses and worked as independent fur buyers. Jacco, himself, was a fur-trading factor or boss. He and his sons became known as Freemen, who brought vitality and a unique character to the rugged foothills. Freemen, known as Otipemisiwak, were “those in charge of themselves:” the first independent businessmen in the Canadian Rockies. They traversed what is now called Jasper National Park, Willmore Wilderness Park, Kakwa Wildland Provincial Park, and the BC Kakwa Provincial Park.